Francisco Pizarro was a Spanish conquistador, conqueror of the Incan Empire and founder of Lima, the modern-day capital of Peru. Through his father, Francisco was second cousin to Hernán Cortés, the famed conquistador of Mexico.
In 1532, Pizarro and his forces attacked the Incan army in the Battle of Cajamarca. The Incan Emperor Atahualpa was taken captive, and then executed by garrote in 1533.
In 1538, a territorial dispute over Cuzco led Pizarro to a confrontation with Almagro, another Spanish conquistador. Almagro was defeated and executed. Pizarro was eventually assassinated in Lima in 1541 by the followers of Almagro's son.